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High Tg PCB

Glass transition temperature (Tg) is the temperature at which a substrate transitions from a glassy, rigid state to a rubbery state. High Tg boards are specifically designed to operate at high temperatures. A PCB is considered a high Tg board if its Tg is higher than 180 °C.

Standard FR-4 boards have a Tg of around 130 to 150 °C. High-temperature PCBs offer better mechanical and chemical resistance to heat and moisture compared to FR-4. Higher the Tg value, the better the temperature resistance of the material. 

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Significance of glass transition temperature

When the board temperature rises above the Tg value, the substrate undergoes structural changes. Due to this, the circuit board will lose its mechanical and electrical properties. This results in various board failures. The circuit board returns back to its initial stage once the temperature reduces below Tg.

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When it comes to board design, the operating temperature plays an important role as it directly impacts the reliability. High Tg materials can be used in both rigid and flex boards. Following are a few reasons to choose high Tg PCBs over standard boards.

  • High Tg boards are generally more reliable than the standard FR-4 boards as they offer better thermal, chemical, and mechanical properties. This reduces the chances of short circuits and various other board failures in a high-temperature environment.
  • HDI/multi-layer boards include complex electronic circuits and dense components. Here heat generation is higher than standard circuit boards. To tackle this drawback, use high Tg materials.

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If the circuit has to operate at 150°C then a material with a Tg greater than or equal to 180°C is preferred. Such requirements are typically seen in mil-spec and space applications.

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Tg defines the stability of the circuit board dimensions. Below are a few characteristics of high-temperature boards:

  • Increased resistance to heat
  • Improved mechanical properties
  • Good PTH reliability
  • Long delamination durability
  • High thermal stress resistance

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These boards are generally used in the following industries:

Metal industry: A metal must be cut, ground, welded, and melted to achieve the desired shape. The temperature in this procedure is extremely variable. High-Tg PCBs are essential to keep the microcontrollers of these devices in perfect working order.

Aerospace and automobile industries: Whether in the aerospace or automotive industries, reliable motor controllers are required to improve engine efficiency. The temperature of the unit rises significantly as the RPM and running hours increase. In these kinds of applications, High-Tg boards are required to withstand higher temperatures.

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ManufacturerMaterialTg value
IsolaFR370HR180°C
IsolaP95260°C
IsolaI-Speed180°C
IsolaI-Tera MT40200°C
IsolaTachyon-100G192°C
NelcoN4000-13SI210°C
NelcoN4800-20180°C
RogersN4380-13RF200°C
RogersRO4350 B280°C
RogersRO4003 C280°C

The difference between standard FR-4 and high Tg materials is that the high Tg PCB substrate will perform better in terms of mechanical strength, dimensional stability, adhesiveness, water absorption, and thermal management.

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Sierra Circuits is
headquartered in Silicon Valley.
We welcome visitors at
our 70,000 sqft facility,
located at 1108 West Evelyn Avenue
in Sunnyvale, California.
Book a tour with an account manager today!
Let us introduce you to one of the most innovative communities of engineers and designers in the world.
We can help you plan your project from design to assembled board.

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Our 70,000 sqft state-of-the-art campus in the heart of Silicon Valley contains the most advanced equipment required for the manufacture and assembly of your PCBs. Whether you’re looking for standard quick turn PCBs or boards with the tightest tolerances, made from exotic metals, there’s a reason Sierra Circuits leads the industry in quality and performance.

PCBs manufactured and assembled in the United States

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Sierra Circuits can manufacture your PCB and have it expedited to you within 24 hours.

Full turnkey boards, with assembly and components in as fast as 5 days.


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