Skip to main content


PCB Manufacturing
PCB Assembly
PCB Design and Layout
PCB Basics
Vias, Drilling & Throughplating
PCB Fabrication
PCB Ordering


PCB materials used to fabricate a board

A printed circuit board is manufactured using the following PCB materials:


Preparation of prepreg

Prepreg is a glass fiber weave/cloth impregnated with a resin bonding agent. The glass fibers are interwoven to form a glass fabric. This fiber weave is partially dried to form a B-stage material. The resin is pre-dried, but not hardened. When it is heated, it flows and sticks. Prepregs are thus fiberglass strengthened by an adhesive layer.

Depending on the resin content prepregs are classified as standard resin, medium resin, and high resin. The best PCB material is chosen depending on the desired final thickness, layer structure, or impedance.

Prepreg styles with resin content


Copper clad laminate

Plies of prepreg bonded together constitute the core of a circuit board. This core is cladded with the copper foil on either side to form a copper clad laminate (CCL).


Copper foil serves as a conductive layer on a board. Signals flow through the copper tracks etched on them. To learn more about copper features, see copper for PCBs.


Board substrates are made of dielectric materials. While choosing board laminates, you need to consider some of the crucial properties of the dielectric material implemented. These properties include:

Electrical propertiesThermal propertiesChemical propertiesMechanical properties
Dielectric constant (Dk)Glass transition temperature (Tg)Moisture absorptionTensile modulus
Loss tangent and dissipation factor (Tan δ or Df)

Decomposition temperature (Td)CAF resistanceTensile strength
Dielectric electrical strength

Thermal conductivity (k)

Flexural strength

Coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE)

For more details on electrical, thermal, chemical, and mechanical properties see PCB substrates.


Circuit board materials can be classified into four categories based on the signal loss properties.

1. Normal speed and loss: Normal-speed materials are the most common board materials – FR-4 family. Their dielectric constant (Dk) versus frequency response is not very flat and they have a higher dielectric loss. Therefore, their suitability is limited to a few GHz digital/analog applications. An example of this material is Isola 370HR.
2. Medium speed, medium loss: Medium-speed materials have a flatter Dk versus frequency response curve, and have a dielectric loss of about half that of normal speed materials. These are suitable for up to ~10GHz. An example of this material is Nelco N7000-2 HT.
3. High speed, low loss: These materials also have flatter Dk versus frequency response curves and low dielectric loss. They also generate less unwanted electrical noise compared to others. They are suitable for ~60GHz applications. An example of this material is Isola I-Speed.
4. Very high speed, very low loss (RF/microwave): Materials for RF/microwave applications have the flattest Dk versus frequency response and the least dielectric loss. They are suitable for up to ~100GHz applications and beyond. An example of this PCB material is Isola Tachyon 100G.



ManufacturerMaterial name

Application areas

Medium speed, normal loss
Medium speed, normal lossN7000-2 HTMedium speed, medium loss



Material nameApplication areas

IsolaFR408HRHigh speed, low loss
IsolaI-SpeedHigh speed, low loss
PanasonicMegtron6 R-5775High speed, low loss
IsolaFR408HRHigh speed, low loss



Material nameApplication areas
IsolaI-Tera MT40Very high speed/frequency, very low loss

RO3003Very high speed/frequency, very low loss
RogersRO4350 BVery high speed/frequency, very low loss
IsolaTachyon-100GVery high speed/frequency, very low loss
IsolaAstra MT77Very high speed/frequency, very low loss
IsolaI-Tera MT40Very high speed/frequency, very low loss

Proper PCB material selection is important since it will affect the ability of the signal traces to carry current. Our Material Selector tool lets you choose the board material that suits your design requirements.


Sierra Circuits is
headquartered in Silicon Valley.
We welcome visitors at
our 70,000 sqft facility,
located at 1108 West Evelyn Avenue
in Sunnyvale, California.
Book a tour with an account manager today!
Let us introduce you to one of the most innovative communities of engineers and designers in the world.
We can help you plan your project from design to assembled board.


Our 70,000 sqft state-of-the-art campus in the heart of Silicon Valley contains the most advanced equipment required for the manufacture and assembly of your PCBs. Whether you’re looking for standard quick turn PCBs or boards with the tightest tolerances, made from exotic metals, there’s a reason Sierra Circuits leads the industry in quality and performance.

PCBs manufactured and assembled in the United States


Sierra Circuits can manufacture your PCB and have it expedited to you within 24 hours.

Full turnkey boards, with assembly and components in as fast as 5 days.

Get an Instant, Itemized Quote


24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Call us: +1 (800) 763-7503
Email us: through our Customer Care form

秒速飞艇投注平台 极速飞艇历史开奖 SG赛车开奖最快结果 澳洲幸运5最新开奖号码 秒速飞艇一码两期计划